[ 3 syll. a-riel, ar-i-el ] The baby boy name Ariel is also used as a girl name, with the latter form being more common. Its pronunciation is AER-iy-ahL, EHR-iy-ahL or EY-Riy-ahL in English †. Ariel is used chiefly in the English, German, and Hebrew languages, and its origin is Hebrew. The name's meaning is lion of God. A biblical name, it is derived from the elements 'ariy' meaning lion ; 'el' God, powerful. In the Bible, Ariel was another name for the city of Jerusalem, its meaning symbolic of the city. It was also the name of Ezra's messenger who was tasked to find new servants for the temple in Jerusalem. According to the apocryphal bible, Ariel was the name of one of the archangels. Due to the biblical associations, the name was adopted by the Puritans after the Reformation. It is also known as the name of the mischievous wind spirit in Shakespeare's play The Tempest (1611). The name Ariela (English, Hebrew, and Italian) is the female form of Ariel.
The name Ariel is used to a great extent; it has 41 variants that are used in English and other languages. Variants used in English include Aerial, Aeriale, Aeriela, Aeriell, Aeryal, Ahriel, Aire, Aireal, Airel, Airey, Airial, Airiél, Areille, Arel (used in Hebrew too), Arial, Ariale, Arieal, Ariela, Ariell, Ariella, Arielle, Ariellel, Ariya, Ariyel, Arrieal, Arriel, Arriele, Arriell, Arrielle, and Aryel. The short form Ari (used in Hebrew too), and the variant spelling Aeriel are other English forms. Areli (Hebrew) and Ariele (Italian) are foreign variants of Ariel. Specific foreign variants include the short form Arie (Dutch and Hebrew), and the diminutive form Arik (Hebrew).
Ariel is fairly popular as a baby name for boys. The name's popularity rose from the 1960s up to the 1990s; before that, it was of sporadic use only. At the modest height of its usage in 1991, 0.031% of baby boys were given the name Ariel. It ranked at #360 then. The baby name has since experienced a fall in popularity. In 2018, its usage was 0.024% and its ranking #585. Within the group of boy names directly linked to Ariel, Ari was the most popular. In 2018, it was used 85% more than Ariel. Though Ariel is more popular as a girl name today, there was a period from 1967 to 1980 that it was given more often to boys. From 1981 on, increasingly more girls than boys were named Ariel. In 2017, the name Ariel was given to 4 times as many girls than boys.
Baby names that sound like Ariel include Aerial, Airial, Aryel, Errigal, Errigel, Errigil, Errigol, Errigul, Errigyl, Oracel, Orackel, Orackle, Oracle, Orakel, Orakle, Orell, Aeryal, Aireal, Arcelio, and Ariyel.
† Pronunciation for Ariel: AE as in "at (AE.T)" ; R as in "race (R.EY.S)" ; IY as in "eat (IY.T)" ; AH as in "mud (M.AH.D)" ; L as in "lay (L.EY)"
A famous person named Ariel is Soldier Ariel Sharon, born 26 February 1928, Kefar Malal, Palestine.