[ 2 syll. car-mel, ca-rm-el ] The baby girl name Carmel is also used as a boy name, though the use for girls is more popular. It is pronounced KAAR-MahL in English †. Carmel's origin is Hebrew, and its use, English and Hebrew. It is from the word karmel with the meaning 'fruit garden, fruitful land'. The name is derived from the Spanish title, Virgin Mary Our Lady of Mount Carmel. Mount Carmel is a coastal mountain range in northern Israel and the West Bank; typical of ancient Canaanite culture, as a high place it had been considered sacred since the 15th century BC. The Book of Kings in the Bible recorded that Elijah rebuilt an altar to Yahweh on the mountain, which was also famous for its fruitfulness. The mountain is also known for the Carmelite order of nuns founded there. The largely Catholic name has been adopted by English speakers since the late 19th century.
The name Carmel is widely used; it has 58 forms that are used in English and foreign languages. English forms of the name include Carmal, Carmaletta, Carmalit, Carmalita, Carmalla, Carman, Carmania, Carmarit, Carmele, Carmeli, Carmelie, Carmeline, Carmelit, Carmelitha, Carmelitia, Carmell, Carmella, Carmellia, Carmellina, Carmellit, Carmellita, Carmellitha, Carmellitia, Carmely, Carmesa, Carmesha, Carmia, Carmie, Carmiel, and Carmil. Other English forms include the diminutives Carma (used in Hebrew as well) and Carmi, and the spelling variants Carmelle and Karmel (used in Latin as well).
Forms used in foreign languages include the Italian and Spanish Carmela, the Spanish Carmelia, the German, Italian, and Spanish Carmelina, and the Italian and Spanish Lita. The diminutive Carmelita (Italian and Spanish) is another foreign form.
See also the related form, the English, Romanian, and Spanish Carmen.
Carmel is an uncommon baby girl name. At the modest height of its usage in 1914, 0.012% of baby girls were named Carmel. It had a ranking of #588 then. The baby name has steeply dropped in popularity since then, and is of only irregular use now. In 2018, within the family of girl names directly related to Carmel, Carmen was the most frequently used. In the last century Carmel has mainly been a baby girl name. There were 70% more baby girls than boys who were named Carmel in 1918.
† Pronunciation for Carmel: K as in "key (K.IY)" ; AA as in "odd (AA.D)" ; R as in "race (R.EY.S)" ; M as in "me (M.IY)" ; AH as in "mud (M.AH.D)" ; L as in "lay (L.EY)"